Native American Consultation
AHS maintains excellent professional relationships with New England’s Native American groups, as well as the federally recognized Native American tribes and Tribal Historic Preservation Officers in southern New England. We often work directly with the Mohegan, Mashantucket Pequot, Gay Head and Mashpee Wampanoag Tribes, and the Narragansett Tribe. AHS also keeps current with concerns of United South and Eastern Tribes (USET).
We assist clients in complying with the Native American consultation processes established under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the Archaeological Resources Protection Act, the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990, and similar federal and state laws.
AHS personnel conducted archaeological research for the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation for over 15 years. Our ethnographers and ethnohistorians were responsible for assembling the Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center’s large collection of Woodland Indian material culture.
Senior staff wrote their Masters’ theses and Ph.D. dissertations on New England and Northeast Native American cultures. They are particularly sensitive to Native American traditions and concerns regarding archaeological sites and Traditional Cultural Properties.
Agawam River Herring Run Complex
AHS consulted with the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Historic Preservation Office on this Massachusetts Department of Transportation project, which involves replacing the dam that carries the Cranberry Highway over the Agawam River in Wareham, Massachusetts. Integrated into the dam is a 19th-century granite and fieldstone herring run, which had been incorporated into a nail factory (now demolished). River herring have been protected in Massachusetts since the 17th century, and the obstruction of fish passage is not permitted.
Other Project Example
Burr’s Hill Cemetery
In Warren, Rhode Island, a large hilltop Native American burial ground was damaged when it was mined for sand and gravel by railroad companies in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The remainder of the hill became a town park. The Wampanoag, who once had a large village there, and the local Narragansett Tribe were consulted regularly during a nearly two-year-long sewer line project adjacent to the burial hill. We developed the procedures for construction monitoring, as well as for recovery and disposition of cultural materials, in consultation with Native American groups.